Male breast enhancement

Female breast surgery, both enhancement and reduction, has been popular especially recently. Sometimes men are also curious about male chest plastic surgery . Usually, working out at the gym helps men build up their chest muscles and look masculine. However, some men will never achieve desired results even with extensive exercise and effort. Male chest enhancement will enlarge the size and shape of the chest.

Another reason for having male breast enhancement surgery is reduced chest muscles due to injury or growth defect. In these cases pectoral implants can help men achieve desired masculine look, and make them more self-conscious about their bodies.

Male breast enhancement

Male chest enlargement surgery is quite a new method in plastic surgery , and not many procedures have been performed so far in the USA. Not all men can undergo this plastic surgery. The best candidates are men, who are at least 18 years old. These candidates should have realistic expectations, and be in a good physical and emotional health.

Active diseases, such as asthma or hypertension, may interfere with the surgery results and make the procedure more difficult to perform.

Once you decide to undergo this type of plastic surgery, you will need to find and make an appointment with a plastic surgeon. On your initial consultation, you and your doctor will talk about how you want to look after plastic surgery. The surgeon will describe about the procedure itself and its risks and possible complications.

Your doctor will gather a medical history. Therefore, it is best if you could provide all the information about your past and present diseases, surgeries, and medications that your take. He/she will also give you certain directions on the diet, smoking and drinking. Smokers will be asked to resume smoking at least two weeks prior and after plastic surgery.

Male pectoral implants

Deciding which pectoral implant would be most suitable for you is a very important task, and your doctor will help you with that. There are pre-shaped implants available that are mostly suitable for men, who want to gain a masculine look through surgery. Custom implants are mostly for men with growth defects. It may take six to eight weeks to produce a special implant according to a mold of the chest.

Your doctor will explain all possible options for you and help you to choose the most suitable implant, size and shape. The aim of this type of plastic surgery is to achieve the result that is as natural as possible.

Male breast enhancement cost

Another aspect to be considered before surgery, is the cost of the procedure. An average cost of pectoral implant surgery varies from $4,000 to $8,000, depending on the state and plastic surgeon. If your chest muscles are underdeveloped due to injury or growth defects, pectoral implant surgery cost may be covered by health insurance. Ask your insurance provider in order to find that out.

Make sure to ask all the questions you want about the procedure, its risks. Ask if a doctor could show other patients’ surgery photos before and after.

Male pectoral implant surgery

Male pectoral implant surgery may be performed at the hospital or surgical office. The procedure takes from one to two hours or longer if endoscopic method is used. This type of plastic surgery is performed under general anesthesia, therefore, you will be asleep during the procedure and will not feel any pain. Since in most cases this pectoral implant surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, you will be able to leave the hospital on the same day as the procedure is done.

Once both you and your doctor decide that you are a good candidate for chest surgery, both of you will decide which pectoral implant size and shape suits best for your chest area. The procedure starts with a small incision in the armpit. Then the implant is inserted endoscopically using a special device with a thin tube with a camera to guide the surgeon. Although, non-endoscopic methods are sometimes preferred, endoscopic surgery minimizes incision size and bleeding.

A pectoral implant is inserted under the pectoral muscle. The surgeon puts sutures on the incision and the procedure is done. The implants stay in place due to the pectoral muscles or sutures.

As male pectoral implant surgery is performed under general anesthesia, you will not experience any pain during the procedure itself. After surgery you may experience some pain and discomfort that may be controlled with pain medications. Endoscopic surgery methods help to reduce pain involved in the chest enlargement procedure.

After surgery your doctor will place dressings on the operated area. You will then need to change bandages every day, in order to prevent infection. Most patients are advised to wear an elastic dressing or vest in order to reduce swelling.

Getting back to normal is a long gradual process, and you need to be patient until you can see final results of the plastic procedure. After surgery, you may feel some pain, which can be reduced with pain medications. Swelling and bruising is common after male pectoral implant surgery, and should resume within a few weeks. Although final results are usually seen after six weeks, most operated men are able to return to work and their normal activities within two weeks after this type of surgery. But bear in mind that you need to avoid strenuous exercise for at least a month.

Male breast augmentation side effects

As with any surgery, male breast enhancement surgery carries some uncertainty and risks. Although very rare complications are still possible, and you should be aware of them prior to getting this cosmetic procedure . The most common risks are bleeding from the incision area, which could lead to subcutaneous accumulation of blood and bruising.

Since male pectoral implants are not filled with liquids, in comparison with female ones, there is no risk of breakage or leaking. Infection is also a rare but possible complications. Therefore, inform your doctor if you start feeling worse day by day, or if you experience any symptoms of infection, such as fever, headache, pain, redness of the operated site and other.

If the implant does not stay in place correctly, you may need to undergo additional surgery in order to replace this implant with another one. The risk can be minimized by following your doctor’s advice very carefully. Bear in mind that although pectoral implants change the way your chest looks, they do not add strength to your chest muscles.

Most patients are extremely satisfied with the results of male chest enlargement surgery. These pectoral implants can be left in your body for the whole life, unless they may need to be removed due to complications. Although pectoral implants improve the appearance of your chest and enhance your self-esteem, they cannot change other people’s opinion about you. Therefore, having realistic expectations about male pectoral implant surgery is one of the key points before undergoing this procedure.

Open and closed rhinoplasty techniques

Rhinoplasty , or nose job surgery, is a plastic surgery procedure used to change the shape of the nose.There are two main rhinoplasty techniques – open and closed. Both of these techniques are widely used by qualified plastic surgeons. In addition, both rhinoplasty techniques certain advantages and disadvantages, that have always been a reason of discussion for many cosmetic surgeons.

During the closed rhinoplasty procedure, a surgeon makes several incisions inside the nostrils, without getting outside the nose. Using the open rhinoplasty technique, a surgeon makes an additional incision on the columella (an area outside the nose between the nostrils) and certain incisions inside the nose, just like during the closed technique. Then, a plastic surgeon lifts the nasal skin carefully back in order to be able to work on the cartilage and other tissues inside the nose. Open rhinoplasty is used mainly in more complicated cases.

Open and closed rhinoplasty advantages

The main advantage of the closed rhinoplasty technique is no visible scarring after surgery. Since incisions are made inside the nose, they are totally invisible after nose job.

As an additional incision on the columella is made during the open nose surgery procedure, it leaves with a noticeable scar. This scarring is not very visible, and decreases with time but still, open rhinoplasty is not totally without scars

The main advantage of the open rhinoplasty technique is that it offers a surgeon to see the inner cartilage network properly and work on the inner structures more precisely and freely. Therefore open nose job surgery is chosen in more complicated cases, when more work needs to done by a doctor in order to achieve a desired result. This is especially favored by surgeons, who need to perform ethnic rhinoplasty surgery.

Since closed nose job surgery is used in order to improve minor defects of the nose, it lasts shorter than the open technique. Usually, closed rhinoplasty may take from one to two hours, whereas open rhinoplasty may last up to four hours.

Many surgeons prefer closed nose job surgery because it allows a shorter recovery period afterwards. Also, swelling and bruising is smaller and lasts shorter when the closed rhinoplasty technique is used.

Open and closed rhinoplasty disadvantages

The only disadvantage of the closed rhinoplasty technique is that it has limited use, and it cannot be applied to everyone. The best candidates for this procedure are those in need for minor modifications in the appearance of the nose. During closed nose surgery a small hump can be corrected but all other characteristics of the nose should be close to perfect. A patient should have a symmetrical shape of the tip of the nose. In addition his/her nose should be not too long and not crooked. The patient should not require a complicated surgical procedure for improvement of other nose features.

The open rhinoplasty technique has a few more disadvantages as compared to the closed one. It may leave the patient with the scar on the columella. There is also a greater risk for necrosis of the operated columella. In addition, the patient may experience extensive swelling, bruising, and numbness of the treated area.

If you want to have nose job surgery in order to improve your facial appearance or solve breathing problems, you should consult a qualified plastic surgeon. After discussing your problem and desired results of this cosmetic procedure , your doctor and you can decide which technique is most suitable in your case. Even though both techniques have certain advantages and disadvantages, they are both used widely in specific cases. Of course, a closed rhinoplasty technique requires a lot more skills but every qualified plastic surgeon can perform it. You only need to find one, who has the greatest experience in nose jobs.

Breast reduction pills

Many women are not satisfied with how their breasts look. Oversized breasts can be not only a cosmetic defect but it can also cause back and neck pain, rashes under the breasts and other discomfort. In addition, women who have too large breasts usually have trouble finding clothes they need or doing regular sports.

Breast reduction procedure can help many of these women. However, it is a major plastic surgery that involves pain, long recovery period, possible risks and complications, besides, the procedure cost is quite high. Therefore, breast reduction pills might be a great option to many women, who are discouraged by plastic surgery.

Most breast reduction pills are herbal supplements, made all of natural ingredients. These active components influence fatty cells of the breasts. As an effect of this influence, fatty cells in the mammary gland or subcutaneous tissue of the breast are removed, and breasts become smaller.

Manufacturers claim that these pills start to work at the instance a woman starts taking them. Usually a woman has to take them until her breasts reach a desired size.

According to manufacturers, breast reduction pills are made with the help of the best scientists and nutritionists of the country. These pills are claimed to be 100 % effective. Some say that these herbal supplements can actually reduce the breasts by up to 50 %.

A woman, who starts taking breast reduction pills, has to take no more than one pill three times a day with each meal. Since these pills are made of herbs, they need to be washed with a large amount of water. Therefore, a woman needs to drink a large glass of water with each pill in order to achieve best results.

Although the drug starts working instantly, most women claim that they notice results first after a few months of use. Some say that desired results can be achieved after half a year of use. There is no evidence of side effects when using this product longer than 6 months. For best results a woman needs to use it longer.

Breast reduction pills are a good option for women who want their breasts become smaller. It is a relatively cheat, safe, and surgery free method for breast reduction . It has no side effects and provides permanent results, since once the desired size of the breasts is achieved, it will be like this forever.

Breast implant size

If you are considering having breast augmentation , one of the hardest and most important decisions is to choose the right implant size. The most common reason why women undergo additional breast surgery is to change the current implant size to a more optimal. In order to avoid further plastic surgery changes and to choose the right implant size for you, you may want to read more about breast implant sizes . Even though your surgeon will give you all information you need, this article will provide with the basic information on breast implant size.

Women have different expectations from breast augmentation surgery . Some are certain that they want to be a C cup or even double D, others want the augmentation to be minimal so that others would not notice a dramatic change.

First advice is for women, who want to have their breasts enlarged, to decide what cup they would like to be. Women should not be conservative about it and should not worry that some people might notice the change, since more covering clothes may be worn at first to cover the enlargement. Most important is to get the result you really wanted, disregarding other people’s attitude.

Bra cup size is not a good parameter to use for determining the size of a breast implant. Different styles and types of bras have different sizes. So, what is a C cup with one bra may be a D cup on the other.

In addition, women wear their bras differently. Some wear them the way that breasts bulge out at the top, other wear loose bras leaving more space for their breasts. Hence, a bra size is not a criteria.

Breast implant size

The best way to choose the right breast implant size is to make a nude photo of yourself a straight on shot and side profile. Then, you can bring these photos to the surgeons office to discuss how much larger you want your breast to look after surgery. You may also want to show different pictures as examples for what would be too big or too small for you.

After deciding approximately what you want your doctor may ask you to bring different clothing, like bathing suites, t-shirts, dresses and clothes with a cleavage. It is advisable to use a sports bra for trying on different implant sizes, since it gives the closest image how the implant will look after surgery, since it holds the implants very similar like the natural tissue.

250 ml is a cup. 1 cc is approximately 1 ml. Usually breasts look smaller after plastic surgery . Therefore if you want your breast 1 cup larger, you may want to ask a surgeon to add 10 to 15 percent more volume to your breast implant.

Different implant sizes look different on various women. Therefore, you should not take an example from others, because the same shape and size of an implant will look different on you. The main factors that determine how the breast implant will look are height, weight, chest shape, breast shape, breast width and tissue stretch characteristics.

The largest legally available implant size is 1200cc. However, there are very few women who would choose such a size. Most frequently women choose the size of a breast implant from 250cc to 675cc.

The most important steps you need to make before determining your breast implant size are the following:

  • Taking a nude picture of yourself from the from and side;
  • Looking at nude pictures of other women to decide what is too large or too small for you;
  • Trying different sizes of implants with a sports bra in different clothing in front of the mirror;
  • Choosing a bigger filling of a bra implant than you like in the mirror. For example, if your like a 250 cc breast implant size, your should choose to have 275 cc breast implant to have the same result as the one in the mirror after plastic surgery;
  • Consulting your plastic surgeon thoroughly about all the questions that bother you.

Mini liposuction

Everybody has certain areas of the body that do not look the way we want them to look. Some of these areas may be improved with healthy diet and exercise, but many of these areas will not be improved even if we put enough effort. Even people with normal or lower than needed weight have small areas of their bodies where fat accumulates and these fatty areas are resistant to persistent exercise and healthy eating. What should we do if we want to improve these imperfect body sites?

The answer in many cases is mini liposuction or mini lipo in other words. First introduced a few years ago by a plastic surgeon from Beverly Hills, mini lipo procedure is a less complicated and shorter modification of usual liposuction . This procedure is performed on only one or two spots of the body on patients, who are close to their normal weight, in order to give a better, more balanced and proportionate appearance.

The ideal patient for mini liposuction is a person whose weight is normal or close to ideal but who has small or even minimal body areas that the patient himself/herself considers imperfect. The patient should be at least 18 years old or older. He/she should be in a relatively good physical and psychological health conditions, and most important, have realistic expectations.

Areas for mini liposuction

Mini liposuction may be performed on different areas of the body, where spots of excess fat appear to be. Usually these parts include sites around the knees, at the upper part of the chest close to the armpit, under the chin, behind the elbows and other. These areas are usually resistant to exercise and diet, are very minimal but very bothering to the patient.

If you have fatty areas of the body that bother you and are stubborn to exercise, you might want to consider having the mini-lipo procedure. Once you make an appointment with a plastic surgeon, you will have to come for initial consultation. On your initial consultation, the doctor will collect your whole medical history, including past and present diseases, surgeries, and medications you are taking. He/she will evaluate the areas that bother you and may be treated with mini liposuction. Then the surgeon will decide if you are suitable for this type of cosmetic surgery and explain the procedure itself, its risks and limitations.

Mini lipo

Mini liposuction is a smaller procedure that normal liposuction. During this procedure local anesthesia may be administered, resulting in fewer risks and complications compared to the usual liposuction procedure. In addition, it is used on smaller or even minimal areas of the body, usually one or two. This cosmetic surgery procedure takes up to one hour, during which the patient is totally awake. The amount of fat removed is less than 2.5 pounds from one area. Furthermore, smaller instruments are used during mini-lipo compared to normal liposuction.

The combination of all these factors results in less pain, less time needed, fewer complications and smaller expenses for the patient. Mini-lipo costs under $2,500. It also does not require such a long recovery period. Most patients are able to resume their daily activities and return back to work the next day or even on the same day after this type of plastic surgery . There are also no restrictions for exercise, on the contrary, the patients are encouraged to start exercising within a few days after this cosmetic surgery.

Mini liposuction is performed on an out-patient basis. Local anesthetics are used before surgery. Then a small needle is inserted into the operated area and a special lypolytic fluid is injected into it. The surgeon will then remove fat accumulation with a syringe and a small cannula. This results in less bruising, pain and swelling.

Once the procedure is over, a small bandage is placed on it and you will be able to return home straight after mini-lipo . Recovery time is minimal and you will be able to return to work the next day after surgery. You will be instructed by your surgeon on how to exercise in order to experience best results as possible. Final results should be seen within a few weeks after this plastic surgery procedure.

Even though this type of cosmetic surgery is minimal, risks are also minimal and rare, but as with any surgery, they may occur. The most common risk is infection of the operated site, bruising, bleeding, and extensive swelling. Since the most common complication of regular liposuction is irregular shape of the treated area due to suction of two much fatty tissue, this does not apply to mini lipo.

Even though mini liposuction is a minimal plastic surgery procedure, its effects are dramatic. If you have realistic expectations about the procedure, you will be satisfied and delighted when you se the results. Mini-lipo improves the appearance and increases a person’s confidence and self-esteem but it cannot change the way people think about you.

Face and neck liposuction

Facial appearance changes with time and age. Fatty deposits become apparent not only on the buttocks, thighs and abdomen but also on the jowls, under the chin and neck. This is due to gradual changes of aging and/or weight gain. The face, cheeks, under chin area become full and rounded causing some people lose their confidence and self-esteem.

Face and neck liposuction

Face and neck liposuction is used to remove accumulated fat on the cheeks, under chin, neck area and in front of the ears. Diet and exercise can help individuals look better but it does not necessarily help the appearance of the face. Therefore, liposuction is effective in improving facial appearance.

Perfect candidates for this cosmetic surgery procedure are individuals in a relatively good physical and psychological health. Those who want to remove persistent baby fat under the chin and those who want to remove fatty deposits gained due to aging and weight gain on the cheeks, under the chin, and on the neck. Patients, who want to undergo facial liposuction should be at least 18 years of age.

On your initial consultation the surgeon will gather your medical history. He/she will evaluate your facial appearance and areas that you want to change and correct. The surgeon will describe the procedure itself, possible benefits and risks of this plastic surgery . He/she will also discuss with you the type of anesthesia required and give all needed instructions how to prepare for facial liposuction surgery. Feel free to ask for all information you need.

Facial liposuction surgery

Liposuction is usually performed at the hospital or outpatient department. Depending on the extent of the procedure, it may last from two to three and a half hours. General anesthesia or intravenous sedation is used prior to surgery. Then a small canula tube attached to a suction device is inserted into the area required for correction. Afterwards, the surgeon moves the tube to create a mesh of tunnels under the skin, then he/she suctions out the unwanted fat tissue with the help of the canula.

Incisions are made in the areas where scars cannot be seen. In order to remove fat from under the chin or lower neck, an incision is made in the submental wrinkle. Incisions under the ear lobe or inside the mouth are made to remove fatty deposits in the cheek area. Once the facial liposuction procedure is complete, special bandage is placed on the face to enhance healing.

Facial liposuction recovery

Recovery and getting back to normal is a gradual process. In order to improve healing patients are asked to resume smoking for a few weeks prior and after surgery. They should not get involved in strenuous exercise for at least two weeks after facial liposuction . Mild pain may be present after surgery, which could be controlled with pain medications. Bruising and swelling may be seen for a few weeks after this cosmetic procedure . You should be able to return to work within two weeks after this type of plastic surgery . Final results of facial liposuction should be seen within six weeks to half a year.

As with all surgery, face and neck liposuction has some risks and limitations that you should be aware of before undergoing this cosmetic surgery procedure. The most common problem associated with any type of liposuction is irregularities of the corrected area and contour due to too much fat removed or lost skin elasticity. Other complications are rare but still possible. They include swelling, bruising, excessive bleeding, infection of the surgery site, and reaction to anesthesia.

Face and neck liposuction cost

The cost of face and neck liposuction depends on the extent of the procedure, procedure, and clinic. Usually the total cost varies from $2,500 to $4,500.

Even though some risks and complications are associated with this cosmetic surgery procedure, the results are dramatic. Usually patients who have realistic expectations are particularly satisfied with the surgery results, which not only improve the appearance, giving a more youthful and smooth looks, but also enhance patients’ self-esteem and confidence. However, this procedure does not make other people change their opinion about you.


What do you think when you look in the mirror? Do you see that your face and neck is changing, that your skin does not look young and creases become deeper? Due to environmental factors, the aging process, genetics and other factors a person’s skin loses elasticity and, hence, creases and lines develop. The skin becomes droopy and furrowed, making a person look older. Due to modern plastic surgery methods it is now possible to turn the hands of time and look younger than you are. However, many patients avoid having surgical procedures due to possible risks associated with them.


Threadlift facelift is a modern cosmetic technique that aids in rejuvenation of the face without surgical intervention. Threadlift is a new cosmetic rejuvenation procedure used to lift drooping brows, jaws and cheeks. Certain filaments help to hold the surrounding tissues, so they are not sagging anymore. No visible scars are created.

This procedure involve minimal invasion. A doctor has to make a small, almost invisible notch into which Threadlift filaments are inserted. They then hold up the surrounding tissues by being fixated into the area. The notch is usually located at the hairline or behind the ear. These specific filaments enhance your body to produce new collagen bundles, which improve condition of the skin.

Different areas can be exposed to this cosmetic procedure . Your doctor will decide individually which areas can be treated in your case to achieve the best effects and goals. Most usually Threadlift rejuvenation procedure is used to lift droopy brows, shift floppy cheeks and improve neck and jowl areas.

This cosmetic procedure is done under local anesthesia with light sedation if needed. It is performed at the doctor’s office or outpatient facility, and you will not have to stay overnight after rejuvenation. Duration of Threadlift depends on the extent of the procedure and the amount of filaments used. Usually the procedure should take up to one hour. You should be able to leave the doctor’s office right away.

Threadlift recovery

You should be aware that even though recovery after Threadlift is shorter compared to major surgery, it still takes some time until last results are visible. Swelling and bruising is visible straight after the procedure. You will have to apply ice compresses for a day or two to minimize swelling and discomfort. Your doctor will instruct you exactly on how to behave after Threadlift rejuvenation. In general, you should avoid strenuous exercise and activities for a month after the procedure. You should be able to return to your work within a week.

Usually patients do not need more than one procedure to achieve best results. If additional Threadlift rejuvenation is needed, it can be performed within a month after the first one. This procedure can be done in conjunction with other cosmetic procedures, such as Botox or collagen injections. This improves final results of one cosmetic procedure and prolongs the lasting effects. Besides, if a patient decides to benefit from major facial cosmetic surgery, such as browlift, facelift and other, in the future he/she is able to do so at any time.

Threadlift advantages

Threadlift offers a lot of advantages. It is a minor procedure that takes a short time to perform. Unlike major plastic surgery , it is minimally invasive but provides long-lasting results without scarring, anesthesia associated risks, a long healing period and hospital treatment. Another advantage is that Threadlift rejuvenation procedure is cheaper that facelift . It also does not provide dramatic changes to your facial appearance and, therefore, you will not gain a stretched, artificial look.

Usually Threadlift cosmetic procedures are chosen by people who have minimal sagging effects due to aging and are in the age range of 40 to 60. Their facial and neck skin is furrowed and sagging but they do not want to undergo major plastic surgery. On other side, they want to achieve better and longer effects than that gained due to Botox injections or collagen filament injections.

Threadlift risks and side-effects

The duration of the effects depends on many factors, such as the extent of sagging, patient’s age, method used, and areas treated etc. Your skin will continue aging and this is very individual. In most cases, may be visible between two to four years. Additional procedures may be required to slow down the aging process.

Risks and complications are rare but still possible and, therefore, you should be aware of them before deciding to undergo Threadlift. The incidence of complications depends mostly upon the skills of the doctor. Possible side effects are infection, swelling, tenderness or numbness, slight asymmetry and other minor changes. Complications or side effects are only short lasting and disappear later if the procedure is performed by a skilled professional. Besides, Threadlift is totally convertible if needed for up to one month after its performance.

Threadlift is an FDA approved technology and is safe. Only doctors, who undergo extensive training, are able to perform this procedure.

The cost of the cosmetic intervention depends on amount of filaments used during Threadlift . An average cost of Threadlift procedure, during which brows, cheeks and neck area is enhanced, is from $3,500 to $5,000.

Breast asymmetry

Some say that nature loves asymmetry in everything. Most subjects that are paired usually are not identically the same. However, sometimes asymmetry can be noticeable too much, which could lead a person to certain psychological problems. Breast asymmetry is one of such examples.

Breast asymmetry

Breast asymmetry is a difference in breast size or shape, or both of the mentioned. Most commonly the left breast is different from the right in size and shape. In some cases this is unnoticeable and needs no surgical correction. Sometimes, surgical intervention is needed to equalize the breasts.

If your breasts are asymmetrical in shape or size, you should feel your breasts looking for any growths that could enlarge the breast. If you find any lumps or formations, you should consult a doctor. Also, bear in mind that scientists proved the link between breast asymmetry and breast cancer.

Breast asymmetry usually occurs due to genetic changes or certain coincidence due to which these organs start to grow differently. The growth of the breasts is controlled by estrogen hormone in young females. Breasts start to grow about 2 years after the appearance of the first menstrual bleeding, period. The duration of breast growth usually lasts from two to four years. During that time it is normal that breasts may differ from one another in size or shape. During the growth period breasts often become of the same or very similar size or shape. If that does not happen, it is not likely that the size and shape of the breasts will change until pregnancy or the beginning of menopause.

Surgeons consider breast asymmetry , that needs to be corrected surgically, when breasts differ from each other in a bra cup size in volume. If breasts differ from each other in less than one bra cup size, it is not thought to be in need for surgery. But if a woman does not feel comfortable about it or experience some psychological problems due to it, most cosmetic surgeons would agree on correcting such breasts.

If you want to determine the size of your breasts, the easiest way to do it is to measure them the way cosmetic surgeons do. Take a rooler tape and start from the outside of the chest (at the point where the breast begins) and continue through the nipple down to the other side of the same breast.

The size in inches or centimeters will show the size of a bra cup. Those are:

  • 7 inches (17.8 cm) – cup size is A
  • 7.5 inches (19.0 cm) – cup size is full A
  • 8 inches (20.3 cm) – cup size is B
  • 8.5 inches (21.6 cm) – cup size is full B
  • 9 inches (22.9 cm) – cup size is C
  • 9.5 inches (24.1 cm) – cup size is full C
  • 10 inches (25.4 cm) – cup size is D
  • 10.5 inches (26.7 cm) – cup size is full D
  • 11 inches (30 cm) – cup size is DD

Breast asymmetry correction

Usually surgical breast asymmetry correction is performed to patients, who are 18 or older. However, in some cases exceptions may be done for girls who are 16 or 17. The main rule is to wait at least for three years after beginning of menstruation.

Besides, there is a pathology called virgin hypertrophy. It means that breasts become extremely large during the years of adolescence, and they are bigger than cup D. Often this also leads to breast asymmetry. In such case, plastic surgery can be done even to girls younger than 16, and this assures better outcome results.

Breast asymmetry correction is achieved by breast augmentation of one or both breasts. Also, breast reduction can be performed on both or one breast. Sometimes a surgeon chooses to perform breast augmentation on one breast and breast reduction on another to achieve perfect symmetry. In case of virgin hypertrophy, modified liposuction of breasts may be performed at a younger age, which could lead to better healing and almost unnoticeable scarring.

Surgical breast asymmetry correction is successful in most cases, and women are satisfied with the results. Results of cosmetic breast surgery are usually better when there is only difference in size of the breasts. Some women try to find alternative treatments for breast asymmetry. Although, some companies may offer you medicines or certain substances that are supposed to treat breast asymmetry, you should be aware that there is no other scientifically proven method than surgical breast asymmetry treatment.

Breast reconstruction

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases among women all over the world. Statistics show that 1 out of 7 women can get this type of cancer during their lifetime. Most women who are cured with breast cancer need to have their breast removed (mastectomy). Luckily, new reconstructive surgery methods and equipment available today made breast reconstruction possible. Even better, breast can be created immediately after it has been removed due to disease, so that the patient wakes up after plastic surgery and has a new breast. Psychologically it is very rewarding, because the patient does not have to go through the period when she does not have a breast at all.

Most patients, who had their breasts removed, are eligible for breast reconstruction immediately after mastectomy. Patients are chosen only there is certainty that cancer has been removed by mastectomy. It is important that all women know about the possibility to have reconstructive procedures. Some may want to wait before having them. Therefore, a thorough discussion with a reconstructive surgeon may help making a decision whether to have breast reconstruction or not.

There are certain limitations to this procedure, concerning overall health condition of the patient. Patients, who have high blood pressure, have other medical problems, are obese or smoking should wait before breast reconstruction.

Breast reconstruction

It is the best to discuss the option of breast reconstruction straight after you are diagnosed with breast cancer. The oncologist and plastic surgeon should discuss all the possibilities together to plan the ideal strategy for you. You and your surgeons should talk about your expectations, goals and limitations of breast reconstruction in your case. Different techniques are used for different patients depending upon their health condition, spread of cancer, anatomy and others. Even though breast reconstruction may improve your looks and self-esteem enormously, perfection can rarely be reached.

Breast reconstruction is a rather complicated procedure, which involves several stages and surgeries. First operation is performed at the hospital, sometimes at the same time as mastectomy. Further surgeries may be done either at the hospital or in an outpatient department. Whether it is performed at the hospital or not, you should still ask someone to take you home after surgery and help you at home for a few days.

Usually general anesthesia is used for the first stage of the procedure, creating the breast mound. You will be asleep during general anesthesia and will not feel anything during surgery. Further operations are done using local anesthesia with sedation, and you will not feel any pain.

In order to be thoroughly prepared for the surgery, your doctor will advise you about your behavior before and after surgery and give basic instructions on drinking, eating and taking medications.

Skin expanasion

There are several possibilities for breast reconstruction: skin expansion and flap reconstruction. These options should be discussed by your doctor with you. Skin expansion is the most common method in reconstructing the breast. A balloon expander is inserted under the skin and the pectoral muscle following mastectomy. This balloon is gradually injected with saline solution by your surgeon. The process takes several weeks until a more permanent implant can be inserted instead of a balloon expander during second operation.

The aim of the balloon expander is to stretch the skin until there is enough space for the implant. In some cases, a permanent implant is inserted immediately after mastectomy, and no intermediate period is required. You should be aware that a nipple and areola are formed during the second stage of surgery.

Flap reconstruction

Flap reconstruction is another modification of this reconstructive procedure. In this case a skin flap is taken from other parts of the body. Usually, skin from the back, buttocks or belly is used to reconstruct the breast.

Beware that this is a more complicated approach of breast reconstruction than tissue expansion. Since that skin is taken from the donor sites, scars will be created there and also at the breast site. Besides, it takes longer to recover after this type of surgery. The advantage of this method is that sometimes no implant is needed, since not only the skin but also the tissues underneath are transplanted from the donor sites. Therefore, no synthetic materials are needed and breasts are more natural.

Further procedures involve creation of the nipple and areola. Tissue from the genital lips of the patient may be taken and transplanted to the site of the nipple. In some cases, additional surgeries may be needed to alter the appearance of the health breast so that it matches the reconstructed breast more ideally. In that case, patients should know that scars may be formed on the healthy breast.

If you need to have a breast implant for breast reconstruction, you should discuss with your surgeon which type of breast implant you want to have. As far as FDA recommendations are concerned, saline filled implants showed to be safer compared to silicone ones.

Breast reconstruction recovery

Recovery is a gradual process and may require a lot of patience. Since breast reconstruction is a relatively complicated procedure, patients usually feel tired for a few weeks following it. Some patients feel some pain, but this can be controlled with medicines.

The surgeon will insert a drain into the reconstructed area in order to let the fluid out of the breast. You will probably have to stay in the hospital from 2 to 5 days. Drains will be left in the breast for a week or two. Your surgeon will take the stitches out in a week or 10 days.

Getting back to normal may take months, depending on the breast reconstruction technique and whether it is done in combination with mastectomy or not. Recovery time is longer for combined breast removal and reconstruction or flap reconstruction and may last for up to seven weeks. You should avoid strenuous activity for a few months after surgery.

Since breast reconstruction is improvement procedure and not perfection, your reconstructed breast may not match the healthy breast ideally. Also, sensitivity of the breast may not return, but it may improve. Scars will be visible for some time, but they will fade away with time and will not bother you. However, bear in mind that scars will not disappear completely.

Breast reconstruction side effects

Like all surgery, breast reconstruction carries some uncertainty and risks, which you should be aware of before deciding to have this procedure. Usual complications are rare, these involve scar formation, bleeding, reactions to anesthesia, fluid building. If an implant is used, there is a risk of infection. In that case, the implant may have to be removed until the patient is healed.

More complicated problems, risks, are capsular contracture. This means that a scar around the implant contracts and the breast feels hard while touching. New implant insertion may be needed and the surgeon usually performs the plastic surgery to free the scar.

Some psychological symptoms may develop after surgery, since some women may need time to gain the feeling that it is her breast. Also, all patients should be aware that mammograms are necessary for both breasts after breast reconstructions in order to make sure that cancer does not reoccur. Patients with implants should go to see qualified radiologists, who know how to examine breasts with implants.

In most countries the cost of breast reconstruction procedures is covered by health insurance. However, if a patient decides to have additional plastic surgeries on the healthy breast for it to match the reconstructed breast better, the cost of such procedure is not covered by health insurance.

Even though perfection is not reached, most women are happy with breast reconstruction results. Breast reconstruction procedure improves women’s appearance and enhances their self-confidence. Other people do not even notice that a woman has undergone this procedure. All women are able to have this procedure and they should be informed about it as soon as they are diagnosed.

Breast implant revision

Breast implant revision is a type of plastic surgery , during which earlier inserted implants can be replaced with new ones or removed completely. Earlier only silicone implants were used. Nowadays, saline-filled breast implants are considered to be safer ones, since they are filled with salt water, that can be absorbed by the organism in case of leakage. Many women have breast implant revision in order to have their old silicone implants replaced with saline-filled implants or with newer silicone implants. Life of older silicone implants is about ten years. Therefore, such implants should be removed and replaced with new ones.

Another reason why women decide to have breast implant revision surgery is because for some reason they want to have natural breasts or smaller breast implants. In such case, breast implants are either removed completely or replaced with smaller breast implants.

In addition, some of the breast implants become deformed or shifted, and breasts will look asymmetrical. In such case the breast implant revision procedure is needed to restore normal symmetrical appearance of the breasts. A woman can either choose to have the same size of the breast implant or different size of implant placed.

Breast implant revision

After your initial consultation, during which you and your doctor will discuss problems related to your older breast implants , reasons why you think you need breast implant revision procedure, and your desired appearance after surgery, you will have time for the procedure set. Breast implant revision procedure should take from two to three hours depending on the technique used, problems related to former breast augmentation procedure, asymmetry of the breasts and other.

An incision is made in order to remove older implants and insert new ones if desired by the patient. The place of incision is below the breast, in the underarm, around the areola or through the belly-button. Most frequently the surgeon takes the existing breast implants through the same incision areas as they were placed before. This way no additional scars are made.

Breasts implants are inserted either under the chest muscle or above it. It depends upon the former breast augmentation procedure, patient’s anatomy of the breasts, contractures and other. You should discuss different possibilities, their advantages and disadvantages with your doctor before this plastic surgery procedure.

Since this is a short plastic procedure , it is usually performed in an out-patient department or private doctor’s office and the patient usually can go back home within a few hours after breast implant revision. Sometimes this period before returning home may be longer due to some complications, such as infection, or large capsular contractures. In that case, the patient may have to stay in the hospital overnight.

Recovery after breast implant revision

After surgery, you may feel tired, stiff and swollen. These symptoms should subside soon. The doctor will place a gauze bandage on your breasts in order to provide more support to them. Drainage tubes will be placed in the incision area in order to let the excess fluid outside of the body.

Healing is a gradual process and it takes different time for each individual to recover. It is important for the patient to follow doctor’s instructions carefully. You should try to get as much rest as possible during the recovery period. The doctor should remove the dressing within a few days after surgery. The patient should avoid strenuous exercise and harder physical exertion for at least two weeks. Stitches will be taken out within seven to ten days after surgery.

The patient should be aware that scars will remain pink for two to three weeks. This should change within several months. Your breast will be swollen for some time. Therefore, you should be very patient and aware that final results will be visible only within 3-4 months. Patients usually return to their daily routine within a month, but this is precisely determined by the managing physician.

Breast implant revision side effects

As with all surgery, breast implant revision carries some uncertainty and risk. Complications are not frequent but they still can occur. The most possible complications are infection or hematoma after surgery. Implant rupture or leakage from the implant is also possible. Other complications may include change in sensation of the nipple and breast, capsular contracture, shifting of the breast implant.

Breast revision procedure is very beneficial for women, who want to change the appearance of their breasts or to keep their breast larger and symmetrical. Those who had older silicone implants, are very happy to have them replaced with modern saline-filled ones. These implants have a longer life and, therefore, women do not need additional breast implant revision procedure.

Many patients are very concerned about how long their new placed breast implants will last. This is a hard question and no guarantee can be given. It is very individual but modern breast implants can last decades without changing, and the breasts will still look good. Finally, the cost of such procedure is $3000-$3500.